The following came in my email yesterday, Independence Day, July 4 2006, some 230 years after the signing of the Declaration of Independance, some folks never realize the reason why we celebrated yesterday, some people never realize the sacrifices to throw out a tyrannical government of King George of that day.... some 230 years later the machine of the King seems like it is still upon us, but no one seems to care anymore, and those who do care believe they might lose their fortunes they have accumulated and tithe to the government in hopes of pleasing that feudal lord and keeping the estates they have..... but for a whim that may be true, as at any given day or time the feudal lord might increase the tithes, rent or taxation without representation and wage war upon a foreign nation or state to make profit for some obscure corporation that has nothing to do with the safety of the people of the several states, yet the people cower and send their sons and daughters and wives and husbands into the abyss to appease the corporation of the UNITED STATES [not to be confused with the united States of North America which was recognized as a nation/ tribe by signing of the Treaty of Delaware 1778]. That we as a people are ignorant of the happenings in the political arena is not by chance, but by design, for if the people as a whole were to be informed as were the colonists of 1776, the people today would rise up and revolt against the corporate machine that has entwined itself into the lives of the people and those responsible for this hoax would be set upon and scourged and publicly flogged that those who follow as public servants would not dare to rise up against the people again to try and enslave them as has happened silently over the past 200 years give or take a couple.

I know not who authored the following piece, or i would give credit where it is due, it is a sobering read to know the men who lost their estates were as wealthy as what today Bill Gates is said to be [imagine a 2 million dollar pledge of support 230 years ago in the federal reserve accounting unit denominations or fraud of today] as one reads the sacrifices of yesterday for the position we are in today just think that those who sacrificed so much would probably turn over in their graves at what the people have allowed to happen, and especially in the past 70 years alone.

Blueduck is

William
Central Idaho state

What of the sacrifice of the 56 signers of the Declaration of Independence?!


What kind of men were the 56 signers who adopted the Declaration of
Independence and who, by their signing, committed an act of treason against
the crown? To each of you the names Franklin, Adams, Hancock, and Jefferson
are almost as familiar as household words. Most of us, however, know
nothing of the other signers. Who were they? What happened to them?

I imagine that many of you are somewhat surprised at the names not there:
George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Patrick Henry. All were elsewhere.

Ben Franklin was the only really old man. Eighteen were under 40; three
were in their 20s. Of the 56 almost half -24- were judges and lawyers.
Eleven were merchants, 9 were landowners and farmers, and the remaining
12 were doctors, ministers, and politicians.

With only a few exceptions, such as Samuel Adams of Massachusetts, these
were men of substantial property. All but two had families. The vast
majority were men of education and standing in their communities. They had
economic security as few men had in the 18th century.

Each had more to lose from revolution than he had to gain by it. John
Hancock, one of the richest men in America, already had a price of 500
pounds on his head. He signed in enormous letters so "that his Majesty
could now read his name without glasses and could now double the reward."
Ben Franklin wryly noted: "Indeed we must all hang together, otherwise we
shall most assuredly hang separately." Fat Benjamin Harrison of Virginia
told tiny Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts: "With me it will all be over in a
minute, but you , you will be dancing on air an hour after I am gone.

These men knew what they risked. The penalty for treason was death by
hanging. And remember: a great British fleet was already at anchor in New
York Harbor.

They were sober men. There were no dreamy-eyed intellectuals or draft card
burners here. They were far from hot-eyed fanatics, yammering for an
explosion. They simply asked for the status quo. It was change they
resisted. It was equality with the mother country they desired. It was
taxation with representation they sought. They were all conservatives, yet
they rebelled.

It was principle, not property, that had brought these men to Philadelphia.
Two of them became presidents of the United States. Seven of them became
state governors. One died in office as vice president of the United States.
Several would go on to be U.S. Senators. One, the richest man in America,
in 1828 founded the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. One, a delegate from
Philadelphia, was the only real poet, musician and philosopher of the
signers (it was he, Francis Hopkinson - not Betsy Ross who designed the
United States flag).

Richard Henry Lee, A delegate from Virginia, had introduced the resolution
to adopt the Declaration of Independence in June of 1776. He was prophetic
in his concluding remarks:

"Why then sir, why do we longer delay? Why still deliberate? Let this
happy day give birth to an American Republic. Let her arise not to
devastate and to conquer but to reestablish the reign of peace and law. The
eyes of Europe are fixed upon us. She demands of us a living example of
freedom that may exhibit a contrast in the felicity of the citizen to the
ever increasing tyranny which desolates her polluted shores. She invites us
to prepare an asylum where the unhappy may find solace, and the persecuted
repost. If we are not this day wanting in our duty, the names of the
American Legislatures of 1776 will be placed by posterity at the side of all
of those whose memory has been and ever will be dear to virtuous men and
good citizens."

Though the resolution was formally adopted July 4, it was not until July
8 that two of the states authorized their delegates to sign, and it was not
until August 2 that the signers met at Philadelphia to actually put their
names to the Declaration.

William Ellery, delegate from Rhode Island, was curious to see the signers'
faces as they committed this supreme act of personal courage. He saw some
men sign quickly, "but in no face was he able to discern real fear." Stephan
Hopkins, Ellery's colleague from Rhode Island, was a man past 60. As he
signed with a shaking pen, he declared: "My hand trembles, but my heart does
not." "Most glorious service"

Even before the list was published, the British marked down every member of
Congress suspected of having put his name to treason. All of them became
the objects of vicious manhunts. Some were taken. Some, like Jefferson,
had narrow escapes. All who had property or families near British
strongholds suffered.

- Francis Lewis, New York delegate saw his home plundered and his estates in
what is now Harlem, completely destroyed by British soldiers. Mrs. Lewis
was captured and treated with great brutality. Though she was later
exchanged for two British prisoners though the efforts of Congress she died
from the effects of her abuse. - William Floyd, another New York delegate,
was able to escape with his wife and children across Long Island Sound to
Connecticut, where they lived as refugees without income for seven years.
When they came home they found a devastated ruin. - Philips Livingstone had
all his great holdings in New York confiscated and his family driven out of
their home. Livingstone died in 1778 still working in Congress for the
cause. - Louis Morris, the fourth New York delegate, saw all his timber,
crops, and livestock taken. For seven years he was barred from his home and
family. - John Hart of Trenton, New Jersey, risked his life to return home
to see his dying wife. Hessian soldiers rode after him, and he escaped in
the woods. While his wife lay on her deathbed, the soldiers ruined his farm
and wrecked his homestead. Hart, 65, slept in caves and woods as he was
hunted across the countryside. When at long last, emaciated by hardship, he
was able to sneak home, he found his wife had already been buried, and his
13 children taken away. He never saw them again. He died a broken man in
1779, without ever finding his family. - Dr. John Witherspoon, signer, was
president of the College of New Jersey, later called Princeton. The British
occupied the town of Princeton, and billeted troops in the college. They
trampled and burned the finest college library in the country. - Judge
Richard Stockton, another New Jersey delegate signer, had rushed back to his
estate in an effort to evacuate his wife and children. The family found
refuge with friends, but a Tory sympathizer betrayed them. Judge Stockton
was pulled from bed in the night and brutally beaten by the arresting
soldiers. Thrown into a common jail, he was deliberately starved. Congress
finally arranged for Stockton's parole, but his health was ruined. The
judge was released as an invalid, when he could no longer harm the British
cause. He returned home to find his estate looted and did not live to see
the triumph of the revolution. His family was forced to live off charity. -
Robert Morris, merchant prince of Philadelphia, delegate and signer, met
Washington's appeals and pleas for money year after year. He made and
raised arms and provisions which made it possible for Washington to cross
the Delaware at Trenton. In the process he lost 150 ships at sea, bleeding
his own fortune and credit almost dry. - George Clymer, Pennsylvania signer,
escaped with his family from their home, but their property was completely
destroyed by the British in the Germantown and Brandywine campaigns. - Dr.
Benjamin Rush, also from Pennsylvania, was forced to flee to Maryland. As a
heroic surgeon with the army, Rush had several narrow escapes. - John
Martin, a Tory in his views previous to the debate, lived in a strongly
loyalist area of Pennsylvania. When he came out for independence, most of
his neighbors and even some of his relatives ostracized him. He was a
sensitive and troubled man, and many believed this action killed him. When
he died in 1777, his last words to his tormentors were: "Tell them that they
will live to see the hour when they shall acknowledge it [the signing] to
have been the most glorious service that I have ever rendered to my
country." - William Ellery, Rhode Island delegate, saw his property and home
burned to the ground. - Thomas Lynch, Jr., South Carolina delegate, had his
health broken from privation and exposures while serving as a company
commander in the military. His doctors ordered him to seek a cure in the
West Indies and on the voyage he and his young bride were drowned at sea. -
Edward Rutledge, Arthur Middleton, and Thomas Heyward, Jr., the other three
South Carolina signers, were taken by the British in the siege of
Charleston. They were carried as prisoners of war to St. Augustine,
Florida, where they were singled out for indignities. They were exchanged
at the end of the war, the British in the meantime having completely
devastated their large landholdings and estates. - Thomas Nelson, signer of
Virginia, was at the front in command of the Virginia military forces. With
British General Charles Cornwallis in Yorktown, fire from 70 heavy American
guns began to destroy Yorktown piece by piece. Lord Cornwallis and his
staff moved their headquarters into Nelson's palatial home. While American
cannonballs were making a shambles of the town, the house of Governor Nelson
remained untouched. Nelson turned in rage to the American gunners and asked,
"Why do you spare my home?" They replied, "Sir, out of respect to you."
Nelson cried, "Give me the cannon!" and fired on his magnificent home
himself, smashing it to bits. But Nelson's sacrifice was not quite over.
He had raised $2 million for the Revolutionary cause by pledging his own
estates. When the loans came due, a newer peacetime Congress refused to
honor them, and Nelson's property was forfeited. He was never reimbursed.
He died, impoverished, a few years later at the age of 50.

Lives, fortunes, honor Of those 56 who signed the Declaration of
Independence, nine died of wounds or hardships during the war. Five were
captured and imprisoned, in each case with brutal treatment. Several lost
wives, sons or entire families. One lost his 13 children. Two wives were
brutally treated. All were at one time or another the victims of manhunts
and driven from their homes. Twelve signers had their homes completely
burned. Seventeen lost everything they owned. Yet not one defected or went
back on his pledged word. Their honor, and the nation they sacrificed so
much to create is still intact.

And, finally, there is the New Jersey Signer, Abraham Clark.

He gave two sons to the officer corps in the Revolutionary Army. They were
captured and sent to that infamous British prison hulk afloat in New York
Harbor known as the hell ship "Jersey," where 11,000 American captives were
to die. The younger Clarks were treated with a special brutality because of
their father. One was put in solitary and given no food. With the end
almost in sight with the war almost won, no one could have blamed Abraham
Clark for acceding to the British request when they offered him his sons'
lives if he would recant and come out for the King and Parliament. The
utter despair in this man's heart, the anguish in his very soul, must reach
out to each and one of us down through 200 years with the answer: "No." The
56 signers of the Declaration of Independence proved by their every deed
that they made no idle boast when they composed the most magnificent curtain
line in history. "And for the support of this Declaration with a firm
reliance on the protection of divine providence, we mutually pledge to each
other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor."

They gave you and me a free and independent America. The history books
never told you a lot of what happened in the Revolutionary War. We didn't
just fight the British. We were British subjects at that time and we fought
our own government! Most take our liberties for granted...We shouldn't.